Housing legislation during the Franco regime was subject to the successive laws of 1939, 1954 and 1968, with their respective regulations, in addition to the 1942 law on cooperation and its 1943 regulations, which were revised with the general laws on cooperatives of 1974 and 1987. Not forgetting the relevance and significance of the 1956 law on the land regime and urban planning, a fundamental element for understanding the urban development processes during the developmentalist period. Sigue leyendo
Archivo de la etiqueta: National Institute of Housing
THE 4,000 HOUSING UNITS RENFE PLAN (1944-1954): RESULTS
After RENFE was declared a construction company in 1944, it was eligible for the benefits derived from the 1939 law for the public financing of the construction of housing for its employees. RENFE approved a plan for 4,000 units. The overall estimated price of this construction was 112 million. Under the 1939 law, the INP could grant a loan of PTA 56 million (50%) of the total. The Board of Directors (BO) of RENFE approved this agreement at the meeting of 30 October 1945.
The process was set in motion with some urgency, given the demands that were arriving for the construction of housing for employees from different cities and neighbourhoods with a strong railway tradition, where the railway workers were in a rather precarious situation or had to live far from the work sites. Thus, the company’s annual report for 1945 states that, in order to facilitate the procedures, RENFE would advance the amounts financed by both the “National welfare institute” (INP) and the “National Housing institute” (INV), which would cover up to 90% of the construction costs. These amounts would be recovered later as the building certificates were presented to the INV. Sigue leyendo
BRIEF NOTE ON SOCIAL HOUSING LEGISLATION IN SPAIN, 1939-1990 (1) THE AUTARKIC PERIOD
1939: Law on protected housing and creation of the INV. The first regulation of this period was the law of 19 April 1939 (and its implementing regulation of 8 September 1939), which corresponded to a clearly autarkic stage of the regime and to the Falangist and centralising vocation of the time, combined with large doses of pragmatism in its application. This law would remain in force until the promulgation of the 1954 law and the regulations on protected housing would take the form of the first test of a housing plan between 1944 and 1954. It coexisted with the regulations for subsidized, social, low income and minimum income housing.
This law is a consequence of the great deficiencies in housing that existed in the country, especially in the large cities, derived from previous years, when housing was still not valued as an essential good and a dispersed and poorly executed rental system survived, together with the damage caused in the Civil War. Furthermore, we know that the Spanish housing stock was very old and in need of intense renovation. To this was added the post-war Spanish demographic growth and the process of rural-urban migration. Hence the urgency of the law and the clear ideological identification of the regime. In other words, an ideological project was being constructed, in which housing had a special relevance, which was sustained by the trilogy of home, family and state. Sigue leyendo